Engineered wood flooring is manufactured differently to solid wood flooring and consists of many layers combined together to form a single board.
The top layer of all engineered wood flooring is the ‘wear’ layer, this is the coating layer which is applied to the top of the boards and is used as a damage buffer before any wear and tear would get down to the wood layers of the plank / board.
The second layer is the Lamella, this is the pattern wood that gives the individual look and feel of each panel, as it is protected by the wear layer (depending on the thickness of the wear layer) it will last for somewhere between 40 and 100 years.
The final layer in engineered wood flooring is the coreboard (composite) layer, where many (up to 12) layers of hardwood are glued together under high pressure in a cross grain format (to reduce contraction and expansion impact). This forms the depth of your flooring and reduces the requirement for solid wood.
With the three layers combined together you get each board / plank. Each board then has the four sides finished to a 90 degree angle so that they can fit flush against others when being laid. The top ‘wear’ layer is polished, buffed and sealed for you, meaning the floor is ready for use without any further treatment from the moment it is laid. This smooth finish on the surface also makes it incredibly easy to maintain through use of wood floor mops. The 90 degree finish on all four sides of the board helps to reduce the available space for moisture and dirt to penetrate through the boards from above or below, meaning you have a fantastic looking floor for longer.
As with solid wood flooring, engineered wood flooring is available in many styles and species of wood. The widths range from 3-7 inches and there are a variety of thicknesses to suit all you flooring requirements.
Customers need to ensure they choose the right brand and style for their floorings intended purpose. Some styles only offer a thin top wear layer which cannot be sanded once it has been worn down, which will naturally occur through use; boards with a thin wear layer would be suitable for domestic home use where the flooring wouldn’t experience heavy foot traffic however it would not be a recommended solution for commercial use. Other styles of engineered flooring can offer a 2-6mm wear layer, which can be sanded and refinished up to 5 times. These thicker engineered floors can last up anywhere between 40 and 100 years before you would need to worry about replacing them.
One of the major benefits of engineered flooring is how easily it can be installed. Engineered wood flooring can be glued down to any flat hard surface including concrete, tile, and vinyl or any suitable underlay material (always ask your installer for the recommended underlay for your specific flooring and floor location).
Whilst all of our wood flooring at Centurion Flooring Supplies is sourced from sustainable forests and are FSC accredited, engineered wood flooring is a greener choice, as it conserves wood. Compared to thick solid wood flooring, engineered wood flooring can manufacture 4 times as much product with the same amount of wood, making it the more eco-friendly choice.
Here are some of the major benefits of choosing engineered wood flooring over solid wood:
- Longevity – high quality engineered floors have a lifespan of up to 100 years
- Mositure and humidity resistant – engineered wood has a very high resistance to moisture and humidity, making it a suitable flooring for warm climates and damp places such as basements and garages
- It can be installed on flat or gradient sub floors
- It is incredibly fast and easy to install
- Increased stability – due to the coreboard of the flooring it provides greater stability than solid wood
- With many designs you can sand down the wear layer multiple times to increase its average lifespan and refinish the flooring
- Green choice – Engineered flooring helps to conserve forests and is more environmentally friendly than solid wood flooring.